Florida does not conduct drug tests on all welfare applicants, but can legally do so if there is reason to believe the applicant is abusing drugs. While Florida was the first in the country to require drug tests for welfare applicants in 2011, it was overruled by the courts just four months later.
The Florida Mental Health Act of 1971 (known as the Baker Act) provides an emergency mental health assessment and a temporary hospital hold for those who are struggling with mental illness. The Baker Act is an emergency measure, reserved for when somebody gets to the point of no longer being able to make decisions for themselves. The Baker Act can be invoked by judges, law enforcement, mental health professionals or physicians. Typically this act is used when someone is threatening suicide or experiencing psychosis (a loss of distinguishing reality).
Under this act, individuals can be held for up to 72 hours in a mental health treatment program. During that 72 hours, they are evaluated by professionals who will either refer to further treatment, extend their involuntary hold, or release them.